Culture of Nepal

Culture is a way of life of the people. A culturally rich country, Nepal is one of the most famous in diversity in cultures, geographical setting, and many other essential aspects throughout the world. Nepal is a small country but broad in diversity as it is multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-ethnic, multi-religion, a multi-racial country in the world. It is said that Nepal is a shared garden of four castes and thirty-six sub casts (ethnic groups). Culture is the way of life of the people where every aspect of people’s life, food, clothing, and even occupations are guided by the culture. The culture of the people include the way of life, the code of manners, rituals, clothing of the people (dress), the spoken languages, the system of beliefs, norms of behavior ectara. In Nepal, more than one hundred ethnic and caste groups exist and they have their own unique languages. More than 92 languages are in practices and these languages have their own oral cultures and traditions, which are handover generation to generation. Nepal has diverse cultural practices and numerous rituals, beliefs, social values, festivals, arts, architectures, rites and many more. All these historical accretions have their own different sources of origin. Cultures of Nepal is differing from one part of Nepal to another’s and one cast to another.

Most of the Nepali culture heavily influenced and intertwined with the subcontinent of Indian and Tibetan culture, which have been following over the centuries. All of this multi-dimensional heritage has bounded with the diversities of Nepal’s ancestral, and ethnic social groups who express their own cultures through the Folklore, Folktales, Literatures, Music (songs, dances), Philosophy, Festivals, Celebrations, Relic, Foods, Drinks, Arts, and Craft, and many more. Every people respect each-other cultures in Nepal. Nepal has the people of different religions, around 80 percent of People in Nepal are following the Hindu and Buddhist religions and rest of people are following Islam, Kirat, Jainism, Sikhism, Christianity, and many other religions. Every religion has their own values and norms. In Nepal, each People celebrate their festival according to their religion, cultures, and traditions. Most of the Hindu communities celebrate festivals such as; Dashine, Tihar, Teej, Maghe Sankranti, Janai Purnima, Shree Panchami, Chaite Dashine, Holi, Lhosar, Chhat, and many more.

Nepali is also a multi-lingual country where the Nepali language is the national and most practiced language in Nepal. However, varied ethnic groups also practice their mother tongue in between their communities. The person speaks the language to demonstrate their identity of culture such as; Newar people speaks Newari language, Tharu people speak Tharu language, likewise, Maithili, Awadhi, Bhojpuri languages are spoken by the Madhesi people.
Nepal is also rich in the multi-ethnic groups such as; Bhramin, Chhetri, Tharu, Newar, Magar, Tamang, Gurung, Rai, Limbu, Ahir, Yadav, Madesi and many more. Nepalese’s are also culturally warm, friendly, affectionate and hospitable. People from a different location, caste, and religion live here in mutual cooperation and friendly environments. The people living in the mountains differ from the people living in the Terai and the Hills. All of them respect each other religions, cultures, and traditions. That is why Nepal is a diverse country with a varied culture, language, and biodiversity. Each community has their own set of beliefs and festivals to celebrates and follow their own culture and traditions. Nepalese people’s pride in one’s own culture and respects for others. This is why these abundant cultures are harmoniously coexisting in Nepal.